How to identify Allergic Rhinitis and how to prevent it ?
What are the symptoms of Allergic Rhinitis?
Common complaints include sneezing, headache, cough, running/stuffy nose, sinus pressure, itching, eye and ear irritation, hives, and sore/itchy throat.
What are the tests to diagnose Allergic Rhinitis?
Clinical examination by an Allergy Specialist is the most important way of diagnosing Allergic Rhinitis. However there are serum (blood) tests available, which can identify the antibodies produced against possible allergen exposure, they are called as serum specific IgE tests for aeroallergens and food allergens. Also the specialist on evaluation may find it appropriate in certain cases to do a skin prick test (SPT) – the Gold standard of Allergy diagnosis.
How do we prevent occurrence of Allergic Rhinitis?
Regular nasal saline rinses can be followed in case of people having heavy exposure to dust and other common allergens such as pollen grains. They will have an immense benefit of preventing the occurrence of Allergic Rhinitis.
What are the treatment options for Allergic Rhinitis?
Consultation with an Allergy Specialist, Pulmonologist or ENT physician is a must to confirm the diagnosis of Allergic Rhinitis. Typical therapy for mild, intermittent symptoms is Over the counter (OTC) medicines - oral antihistamines such as loratadine, cetirizine, fexofenadine, desloratadine, levocetirizine, and diphenhydramine. These medications are most effective at decreasing rhinorrhea, nasal itching, and sneezing.
On discussion with an expert specialist physician, they may suggest you Allergen specific Immunotherapy for longer lasting relief from Chronic Allergic Rhinitis.
If you have any allergy related issues feel free to contact Allergy Specialist in Bangalore - Dr. Puneeth KN for a consultation.
About the Author
Dr Puneet. K. Nagendra
MBBS, DTCD, DNB (Pulmonary Medicine)
Presently I render my clinical services as an Allergist & Pulmonologist in Bengaluru Allergy Centr, PD Hinduja Sindhi Hospital, Excelcare Hospital and Mahapranajeeva - Speciality Centre for Respiratory diseases at Bengaluru.
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